How are photosynthesis and cellular respiration related

In respiration the energy yield is kcal per mole of glucose oxidized to CO2, while photosynthesis requires kcal of energy to boost the electrons from the water to their high-energy perches in the reduced sugar -- light provides this energy.

How is Photosynthesis Related to Cellular Respiration

The near absence of large PS II particles is a distinct feature of the stromal lamellae or intergranal lamellae. The model represents the structural relationship between thylakoid membrane features and the sizes of proteins.

As shown in the above diagram, glycolysis takes place in the cytosol. Glycogen can be converted into glucose 6-phosphate as well with the help of glycogen phosphorylase.

It comprises the electron transport chain that establishes a proton gradient chemiosmotic potential across the boundary of inner membrane by oxidizing the NADH produced from the Krebs cycle.

But granal lamellae contain mostly PS II system. However, the method in which each accomplishes this differs in various aspects.

Glucose and oxygen though a bi-product - which happen to be the products of photosynthesis, are required to facilitate cellular respiration, while carbon dioxide - which is a bi-product of cellular respiration, is required to facilitate the process of photosynthesis.

Such spatial segregation is called spatial separation of photosystems is called lateral segregation. The complex structure of higher plant chloroplasts has fascinated researchers for many years. What is the role of Oxygen in the process.

Oxidative phosphorylation Main articles: They may be thought of as mirror images of each other; together they represent a "win-win" situation in the game of life. There are various ways to compare the processes of photosynthesis and respiration.

Photosynthesis takes carbon dioxide and combines it with water, enabled by radiant energy, usually from the sun. Potential energy, also known as the proton-motive force, is stored in the gradient. In respiration, electrons are transferred from glucose molecules to oxygen.

They are different in that photosynthesis assembles the glucose molecule, while cellular respiration takes it apart. And the particles carry negative charges and they can move in the membranes.

However, the direction of electron movement is opposite in the electron transfer chain. The insulin hormone transports this glucose to those hard working cells.

The Krebs cycle, which occurs in the matrix of the mitochondrion, includes a series of oxidation-reduction reactions that result in the oxidation of the acetyl group to two carbon dioxide molecules.

Some of them are photo system I structural units. During glycolysis, glucose is broken down to pyruvic acid, yielding 2 ATP of energy.

013 - Photosynthesis and Respiration

Online version in colour. However, in photosynthesis, electrons travel from water to CO2. An additional ATP is used to phosphorylate fructose 6-phosphate into fructose 1,6-disphosphate by the help of phosphofructokinase. The end result is glucose, with oxygen being the waste product. In the first place, no slight inconvenience results from too great separation beween branches of study which serve for the perfection of one art.

Photosynthesis Equation The equation for photosynthesis of plant cells is: The win-win of the two processes is that they both provide each other with the necessary ingredients for the process to take place: The carbon dioxide produced during respiration is released from the body and absorbed by plants to help provide the energy they need for growth and development.

In animal cells, this process is called the lactic acid fermentation.


Carbon dioxide is a chemical compound composed of one carbon and two oxygen atoms. It is often referred to by its formula CO2.

It is present in the Earth's atmosphere at a low concentration and. Photosynthesis - Basic products of photosynthesis: As has been stated, carbohydrates are the most-important direct organic product of photosynthesis in the majority of green plants.

The formation of a simple carbohydrate, glucose, is indicated by a chemical equation, Little free glucose is produced in plants; instead, glucose units are linked to form starch or are joined with fructose, another. Cellular Respiration is the process by which living organisms produce energy.

Learn Cellular Respiration Equation, Types, Stages & Products via diagrams here. Every biological machine needs specific parts and fuel in order to function and also require well-engineered parts and good energy source in.

Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are complementary processes by which living things obtain needed substances. They both consume and create the same substances (water, glucose, oxygen, and carbon dioxide) but in different ways.

Through these processes, plants obtain the carbon dioxide they need and living organisms obtain the oxygen they need.

Interactive animation showing how ATP functions like a rechargeable battery in the transfer of energy. Cellular respiration is the process of oxidizing food molecules, like glucose to carbon dioxide and water. Learn more about cellular respiration steps.

How are photosynthesis and cellular respiration related
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Photosynthesis vs. Cellular respiration